Old Stratford Primary School PSHE Curriculum Rationale
Within PSHE at Old Stratford Primary School, we want our children to learn about themselves as developing individuals and as members of their communities, building on their own experiences and on the Early Learning Goals for personal, social and emotional development within the EYFS. To achieve this, they will learn the basic rules and skills for keeping themselves healthy and safe and for behaving appropriately. They will also have opportunities to show that they can take some responsibility for themselves and their environment. They will begin to learn about their own and other people's feelings and become aware of the views, needs and rights of other children and other people. As members of a class and school community, they will learn social skills, such as how to share, take turns, play, help others, resolve simple arguments and identify bullying. They will begin to take an active part in the life of their school and the wider community.
As they mature and develop during Key Stage 2, they will learn about themselves as growing and changing individuals with their own experiences and ideas, and as members of their communities. They learn about the wider world and the interdependence of communities within it. They develop their sense of social justice and moral responsibility and begin to understand that their own choices and behaviour can affect local, national or global issues and political and social institutions. They also learn how to take part more fully in school and community activities. As they begin to develop into young adults, they face the changes of puberty and transfer to secondary school with support and encouragement from the school. They learn how to make more confident and informed choices about their health, environment and finances, and to take more responsibility, both individually and as a group, for their own learning.
PSHE objectives are taught using the Coram Life Education SCARF Programme of Study (standing for Safety, Caring, Achievement, Resilience and Friendship) which is mapped to the new DfE guidance for Relationships Education and Health Education, The PSHE Association's Programmes of Study Learning Opportunities, the National Curriculum, Curriculum for Excellence and Ofsted's requirements. Three learning objectives per half-term per year group will be taught as a minimum and evidenced in books. Class teachers will then use their discretion as to which (if any) other SCARF lessons will be taught. The lesson objectives required to be taught are highlighted yellow in the document below. Teachers may also choose to teach other, non-SCARF PSHE lessons in order to tackle any issues that arise and are relevant to the children in their class. PSHE objectives are taught in discrete weekly lessons and daily collective worship but are also covered across the curriculum especially in our RE, Science and PE curriculum. Some objectives will also be taught through Key Stage or whole school assemblies (e.g. sun safety, allergy awareness and spotting dangers in the house). Many opportunities arise during the school week for our children to work effectively in groups, take on roles of responsibility and to come together as a whole school community to reflect on our journeys. We also enjoy regular whole-school V.I.P assembles that enable children to enjoy and celebrate the successes of others.
The SCARF programme is centred on a values-based, ‘Growth Mindset’ approach and is divided into six half- termly units. The units are tailored to each year group under the following themes.
• Being my Best
• Me and My Relationships
• Keeping Myself Safe
• Valuing Difference
• Growing and Changing
• Rights and Responsibilities
Through our SCARF partnership, we will also teach the children some basic first aid skills using resources found at: https://firstaidchampions.redcross.org.uk/primary/first-aid-skills/
Each year group, from 1-6 inclusive, will undertake one lesson per year of this first aid ‘training’. The lessons covered are outlined on each year group’s plan.
The SCARF programme of study provides our school with an effective framework for supporting pupils’ wellbeing. Children are enabled to develop the vocabulary, confidence and resilience to clearly articulate their thoughts and feelings within an environment that encourage openness, trust and respect. They also know when and how they can seek the support of others. They will apply their understanding of society to their everyday interactions, from the classroom and the school to the wider community of which they are a part. SCARF actively supports our school, which prioritises physical and mental health, providing pupils with the skills to evaluate their own wellbeing needs, practice self-care and contribute positively to the wellbeing of those around them. Teachers will be encouraged to use both pre- and post- assessment to inform planning and review how the children progress over each unit, and learning will be evidenced in exercise books.